Science, Medicine, and Social Science Findings Overwhelmingly Favor Marriage Equality
Every reputable professional organization in America that has taken a public position on marriage supports the freedom to marry. Within professional scientific, medical, and social science communities, the consensus is clear: ending the unfair exclusion of same-sex couples from marriage would promote healthy, stable, and committed relationships, thousands of which already exist outside of legal recognition.
The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues (SPSSI) has compiled a series of fact sheets on lesbian and gay parenting and the importance of legislation that extends the freedom to marry to same-sex couples:
- Lesbian and Gay Parents (PDF)
- Same-Sex Couples and U.S. Marriage Legislation (PDF)
- Psychological and Social Outcomes for Children of Same-Sex Couples (PDF)
- Sexual Identity Development of Children Raised by Gay and Lesbian Couples (PDF)
Numerous academic studies support the positions these organizations have taken:
American Medical Association
"Our American Medical Association: (1) recognizes that denying civil marriage based on sexual orientation is discriminatory and imposes harmful stigma on gay and lesbian individuals and couples and their families; (2) recognizes that exclusion from civil marriage contributes to health care disparities affecting same-sex households; (3) will work to reduce health care disparities among members of same-sex households including minor children; and (4) will support measures providing same-sex households with the same rights and privileges to health care, health insurance, and survivor benefits, as afforded opposite-sex households."
American Psychological Association's (APA) Council of Representatives
"Prohibiting civil marriage for same-sex couples is discriminatory and unfairly denies such couples, their children and other members of their families the legal, financial and social advantages of civil marriage."
American Psychiatric Association
"The American Psychiatric Association supports the legal recognition of same-sex civil marriage with all rights, benefits, and responsibilities conferred by civil marriage, and opposes restrictions to those same rights, benefits, and responsibilities."
American Academy of Pediatrics
"The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes that a considerable body of professional literature provides evidence that children with parents who are homosexual can have the same advantages and the same expectations for health, adjustment, and development as can children whose parents are heterosexual. When 2 adults participate in parenting a child, they and the child deserve the serenity that comes with legal recognition."
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, District IX (California) in a letter to the California Assembly Judiciary Committee
"The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, District IX (California), representing more than 5,000 physicians, dedicated to the health care of California's women, is pleased to support AB 43...The bill would amend state law to end the tradition of exclusion of same-sex couples from civil marriage and the social support and legal protections that come with it...the reasons for our support are multiple and are grounded in science and medicine."
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Resources Related to Science, Medicine, and Social Sciences
With New York State now the sixth – and largest – state to end the exclusion of same-sex couples from marriage, the American Medical Association (AMA) adopted a policy position declaring that excluding same-sex couples from marriage is “discriminatory” and reaffirming existing AMA policy to support relationship recognition of gay and lesbian couples as a means of addressing health disparities faced by those couples and their families.
An article adapted from Harvard Professor Nancy F. Cott’s expert report submitted in the case of Perry v. Schwarzenegger in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California.
A new survey finds a majority of Americans have widened their view of what constitutes a family to include same-sex couples with children.