Marriage Rulings in the Courts

(Updated July 28)

There have been 29 consecutive victories (and zero losses) for the freedom to marry since June 2013, when the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the core of the so-called Defense of Marriage Act in Windsor v. United States. Nineteen rulings have been issued in federal court, seven have been issued in state court, and three have been issused by a federal appellate court. Below are the 29 marriage cases in which judges have ruled, in chronological order. For more information on marriage litigation, click here.  

Garden State Equality v. Dow

9/27/13 • State Court Ruling

State trial court decision declaring that same-sex couples in NJ have the freedom to marry and marriages performed in other states must be respected. No party appealed the ruling, and the freedom to marry took effect in New Jersey. Learn more about Garden State Equality v. Dow.

Griego v. Oliver

12/19/13 • State Court Ruling

New Mexico Supreme Court decision declaring that same-sex couples in NM have the freedom to marry and marriages performed in other states must be respected. No party appealed the ruling, and the freedom to marry took effect in New Mexico. Learn more about Griego v. Oliver.

Kitchen v. Herbert

12/20/13 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in UT have the freedom to marry and marriages performed in other states must be respected. Ruling on hold pending appeal to the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about Kitchen v. Herbert.

Obergefell v. Wymyslo

12/23/13 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that marriages performed between same-sex couples in other states must be respected for the purpose of listing surviving spouses on death certificates in OH. Ruling on hold pending appeal to the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about Obergefell v. Wymyslo.

Bishop v. Smith

1/14/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in OK have the freedom to marry and marriages performed in other states must be respected. Ruling on hold pending appeal to 10th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about Bishop v. Smith.

Bourke v. Beshear

2/12/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that marriages between same-sex couples legally performed in other states must be respected for all purposes in KY. Ruling on hold pending appeal to 6th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about Bourke v. Beshear.

Bostic v. Schaeffer

2/13/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in VA have the freedom to marry and marriages performed in other states must be respected. Ruling on hold pending appeal to the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about Bostic v. Schaeffer.

Gray v. Orr & Lee v. Orr

2/21/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in Cook County, IL have the freedom to marry and marriages performed in other states must be respected. No party appealed the ruling, and the freedom to marry took effect in Cook County. Several other counties followed suit, and by June 1, all counties in Illinois were issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples. Learn more about Gray v. Orr and Lee v. Orr.

DeLeon v. Perry

2/26/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in TX have the freedom to marry and marriages performed in other states must be respected. Ruling on hold pending appeal to the 5th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about DeLeon v. Perry.

Tanco v. Haslam

3/14/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that the marriages of the three plaintiff same-sex couples should be respected in TN. Ruling on hold pending appeal to the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about Tanco v. Haslam.

DeBoer v. Snyder

3/21/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in MI have the freedom to marry. Ruling on hold pending appeal to the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about DeBoer v. Snyder.

Baskin v. Bogan

4/10/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that the marriage of one same-sex couple must be respected in Indiana. Ruling now in effect as appeal proceeds to the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about DeLeon v. Perry.

Henry v. Himes

4/14/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that marriages between same-sex couples legally performed in other states must be respected for all purposes in OH. Ruling on hold pending appeal to 6th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about Henry v. Himes.

A.L.F.L. v. K.L.L.

4/22/14 • State Court Ruling

State court decision declaring that the marriage of one same-sex couple must be respected in Texas for the purpose of dissolving the marriage. The judge also more broadly stated that Texas laws denying respect for marriages legally performed in other states are unconstitutional. Ruling on hold pending appeal to an appellate court in Texas. Learn more about A.L.F.L. v. K.L.L..

Wright v. Arkansas

5/9/14 • State Court Ruling

State court decision declaring that same-sex couples in AR have the freedom to marry and that the marriages of same-sex couples legally performed in other states must be respected. Ruling on hold pending appeal to the Arkansas Supreme Court. Learn more about Wright v. Arkansas.

Latta v. Otter

5/13/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in ID have the freedom to marry and that the marriages of same-sex couples legally performed in other states must be respected. Ruling on hold pending appeal to the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about Latta v. Otter.

Geiger v. Kitzhaber & Rummel v. Kitzhaber

5/19/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in OR have the freedom to marry and that marriages legally performed in other states must be respected. No party appealed, and the freedom to marry took effect in Oregon. Learn more about Geiger v. Kitzhaber & Rummel v. Kitzhaber.

Evans v. Utah

5/19/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that the nearly 1,300 marriage licenses issued to same-sex couples in December 2013 and January 2014 in Utah must be respected by the state of Utah. Ruling on hold pending appeal to the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about Evans v. Utah.

Whitewood v. Wolf

5/20/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in PA have the freedom to marry and that marriages legally performed in other states must be respected. No party appealed, and the freedom to marry took effect in Pennsylvania. Learn more about Whitewood v. Wolf.

Wolf v. Walker

6/6/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in WI have the freedom to marry and that marriages legally performed in other states must be respected. Ruling is stayed as appeal proceeds to the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals. Learn more about Wolf v. Walker.

Baskin v. Bogan

6/25/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in IN have the freedom to marry and that marriages legally performed in other states must be respected. Ruling stayed pending appeal, besides one couple that includes a terminally ill woman. Learn more about Indiana.

Kitchen v. Herbert

6/25/14 • Federal Appellate Court Ruling at the 10th Circuit

Federal appellate court decision upholding lower ruling that same-sex couples in UT have the freedom to marry, that marriages legally performed in other states must be respected, and that banning same-sex couples from marrying is unconstitutional. Ruling is stayed pending appeal to the United States Supreme Court. Learn more about Kitchen v. Herbert at the 10th Circuit.

Love v. Beshear

7/1/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in KY have the freedom to marry, following a previous ruling in this case that the state must respect the legal marriages of same-sex couples performed in other states. Learn more about Litigation in Kentucky.

Brinkman v. Long & McDaniel-Miccio v. Colorado

7/9/14 • State Court Ruling

State court decision declaring that same-sex couples in CO have the freedom to marry and that marriages legally performed in other states must be respected. Ruling stayed pending appeal to Colorado Supreme Court. Learn more about Litigation in Colorado.

Huntsman v. Heavilin

7/17/14 • State Court Ruling

State court decision declaring that same-sex couples in FL have the freedom to marry. Ruling applies to Monroe County, FL for now. The ruling has been appealed to the 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals in Florida state court, with the decision is stayed. Learn more about Litigation in Florida.

Bishop v. Smith

6/25/14 • Federal Appellate Court Ruling at the 10th Circuit

Federal appellate court decision upholding lower ruling that same-sex couples in OK have the freedom to marry and that banning same-sex couples from marrying is unconstitutional. Ruling is stayed pending further action from the state of Oklahoma, which could seek an en banc hearing by the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals or seek certiorari directly by the United States Supreme Court. Learn more about Bishop v. Smith at the 10th Circuit.

Burns v. Hickenlooper

7/9/14 • Federal Court Ruling

Federal court decision declaring that same-sex couples in Colorado have the freedom to marry and that marriages legally performed in other states must be respected. Ruling stayed until August 25, pending further action by defendants in Colorado. Learn more about Litigation in Colorado.

Pareto v. Ruvin

7/17/14 • State Court Ruling

State court decision declaring that same-sex couples in FL have the freedom to marry. Ruling applies to Miami-Dade County, FL for now. The ruling has been appealed to the 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals in Florida state court, with the decision is stayed. Learn more about Litigation in Florida.

Bostic v. Schaefer

7/28/14 • Federal Appellate Court Ruling at the 4th Circuit

Federal appellate court decision upholding lower ruling that same-sex couples in Virginia have the freedom to marry and that banning same-sex couples from marrying is unconstitutional. Ruling is stayed pending further action from the state of Virginia, which could seek an en banc hearing by the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals or seek certiorari directly by the United States Supreme Court. Learn more about Bostic v. Schaefer at the 4th Circuit.