On October 6, 2014, the United States Supreme Court denied review of a federal legal case in which a federal judge and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit ruled that denying same –sex couples the freedom to marry in Indiana is unconstitutional. The Supreme Courth’s decision to deny review meant that same-sex couples in Indiana could get married effective immediately, and Indiana began issuing marriage licenses that day.
The case that brought an end to Indiana’s anti-marriage constitutional amendment was Baskin v. Bogan. On June 25th, 2014, U.S. District Court Judge Young ruled in the case, striking down Indiana’s marriage ban. Same-sex couples were able to marry for several days before the ruling was stayed pending appeal.
On September 4, the 7th Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the freedom to marry in Indiana, upholding Judge Young’s ruling. All parties involved in the case urged the U.S. Supreme Court to hear the case and decide the question of whether same-sex couples had the freedom to marry nationwide. The October order denying review meant that the lower court ruling stands, and Indiana is officially a freedom-to-marry state.
Every year since 2004, the Indiana state legislature has proposed or voted on a constitutional amendment to exclude same-sex couples and their families from marriage. In 2011, the House and Senate approved the proposed amendment.
In 2013 and 2014, marriage supporters came together to launch Freedom Indiana, the campaign to defeat an identical version of the amendment, HJR-3. If it were approved again, the anti-freedom amendment would be placed before voters in November 2014, but in February 2014, Freedom Indiana succeeded in The amendment, HJR-6, must be defeated in order to protect liberty for all Hoosiers in the state.
GROUPS THAT WORKED ON MARRIAGE:
- Lambda Legal is a national legal group committed to protecting LGBT people and was the organization that brought Baskin v. Bogan, one of the cases that brought down Indiana's marriage ban.
- Hoosiers Unite for Marriage is the grassroots public education campaign to build support for the freedom to marry in Indiana.
- Freedom Indiana is a statewide bipartisan coalition of businesses, faith leaders, civil rights and community organizations, and individuals united to defeat a proposed constitutional amendment that would permanently ban all protections for same-sex couples and their families in Indiana. Freedom to Marry was proud to serve as a leading member of the coalition.
- Indiana Equality Action is a coalition of organizations from around the state that focus on ensuring basic human rights for Indiana's LGBT citizens.
- The ACLU of Indiana is the state affiliate of the American Civil Liberties Union, committed to standing up for equality for all Hoosiers.
- Freedom to Marry is the campaign to win marriage for same-sex couples nationwide.
54% of Indiana residents oppose changing the state constitution to bar gay couples from marrying, while just38% support doing so. (Bowen Center for Public Affairs at Ball State University and WISH-TV, December 2012)
NUMBER OF SAME-SEX COUPLES
According to The Williams Institute's analysis of the 2010 U.S. Census, 11,074 same-sex couples are living in Indiana, representing 4.4 same-sex couples per 1,000 households.
Blog Posts Related to Indiana
This week, Freedom to Marry and the Human Rights Campaign sent a joint letter to United States Attorney General Eric Holder urging the Department of Justice to act now and ensure that the marriages of same-sex couples performed earlier this year in Arkansas, Indiana, and Wisconsin are respected by the federal government.
Today, September 12, U.S. District Judge Joseph Van Bokkelen allowed the state of Indiana to respect the marriage of Veronica Romero and Mayra Yvette Rivera, a same-sex couple who have been together for 27 years and live in Whiting, IN with their two children.
Today, September 10, 7 different petitions seeking certiorari in marriage cases from 5 states were distributed for the September 29 conference at the United States Supreme Court.
Resources Related to Indiana
Pew Poll Finds Growing Support for Freedom to Marry Among Evangelicals, Majority Support Among Youth
A comprehensive Pew poll found majority support for the freedom to marry among young people, college graduates and Catholics, with growing support among all other religious categories.
Demographic and economic information about same-sex couples and same-sex couples raising children in Indiana.
Groundbreaking research showing a huge increase in same-sex couples identifying themselves as "unmarried partners".