Iowa

STATUS:

Marriage

WINNING MARRIAGE:

On April 3, 2009, the Iowa Supreme Court handed down a unanimous decision in Varnum v. Brien in favor of the freedom to marry, bringing marriage to America's heartland. Iowa was the third state to end the exclusion of same-sex couples from marriage. Gay couples have been able to marry since April 27, 2009.

The Court continued Iowa's history of leadership in civil rights, which includes being among the first to eliminate the ban on interracial marriages, recognize the rights of married women, and desegregate schools.

HISTORY:

In 2005, the case seeking to end the exclusion of same-sex couples from marriage was filed on behalf of six couples seeking to marry in Iowa. At the same time, a public education campaign was launched to educate Iowans about why marriage equality matters for all Iowa's families.

In August 2007, the Iowa District Court ruled that it is unconstitutional to deny same-sex couples access to marriage. The opposition filed for an appeal and a "stay" on the decision the next day, which were granted. Oral arguments were heard before the Iowa Supreme Court in December 2008, and the freedom to marry was finally passed in April 2009.

GROUPS THAT WORKED ON MARRIAGE:

  • One Iowa is an organization that works for GLBT equality in Iowa through voter identification, grassroots organizing and educational events.
  • Freedom to Marry is the campaign to win marriage for same-sex couples nationwide.
  • Lambda Legal is the United States' first legal organization dedicated to achieving full equality for gay and lesbian people. The organization was responsible for filing and overseeing the Iowa case. 
  • Human Rights Campaign is the United States' largest national lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender civil rights organization. 

POLLING DATA: 

Support for the freedom to marry has increased dramatically in the past 8 years, with 41% of residents now supporting marriage. In 2004, just 26% were supportive. (Williams Institute, 2012)

NUMBER OF SAME-SEX COUPLES:

According to The Williams Institute's analysis of the 2010 U.S. Census, 4,093 same-sex couples are living in Iowa, representing 3.4 same-sex couples per 1,000 households.

Blog Posts Related to Iowa

Young Conservatives make the case for reforming the GOP platform in Iowa

I just returned from Iowa to talk to elected Republicans, GOP leadership, and reporters from local and regional media to discuss Freedom to Marry's campaign to "Reform the Platform" by removing anti-gay language from the 2016 national GOP platform.

Young Conservatives for the Freedom to Marry tours Iowa to ‘Reform the Platform’

Starting Wednesday, August 6, Young Conservatives for the Freedom to Marry - a campaign to highlight and build support for the freedom to marry among young conservatives across the United States - will kick off a three-city tour throughout Iowa as part of 'Reform the Platform.'

Zach Wahls celebrates 4 years of the freedom to marry in Iowa, looks toward SCOTUS ruling

April 27 marks the four-year anniversary of the freedom to marry taking effect in Iowa, whose Supreme Court ruled in 2009 that same-sex couples should not be excluded from marriage. This week, marriage activist and LGBT ally Zach Wahls published an editorial celebrating the anniversary.

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Resources Related to Iowa

Media Primer: 2011 Flashpoints for LGBT Equality

A media primer on the LGBT issues landscape for the coming year released by the Human Rights Campaign.

Pew Poll Finds Growing Support for Freedom to Marry Among Evangelicals, Majority Support Among Youth

A comprehensive Pew poll found majority support for the freedom to marry among young people, college graduates and Catholics, with growing support among all other religious categories.

Party Principles: Support for the Freedom to Marry by State and National Political Parties

A listing of both state and national political parties that have made strong statements in support of the freedom to marry.

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