Ohio

STATUS:

Anti-relationship recognition constitutional amendment; a federal judge has ruled that marriages of same-sex couples must be respected for the purpose of issuing death certificates, and the decision is now on appeal to the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals. A separate decision, stayed but not yet appealed, found that Ohio must respect the marriages of same-sex couples legally performed in other states. A third case, filed in April 2014, seeks the freedom to marry in Ohio.

WHAT'S HAPPENING:

Marriage supporters from across the state have joined together to form Why Marriage Matters Ohio, a public education campaign designed to begin the conversation about the freedom to marry for all loving, committed couples in the state. Take the pledge with Why Marriage Matters Ohio HERE.

Part of the conversation about marriage in Ohio stems from a December 23, 2013 ruling from a federal judge in Ohio declaring that the state must respect same-sex couples' out-of-state marriages for the purpose of listing a surviving spouse on a death certificate. The decision is currently on appeal to the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals. An additional ruling from April 2014 additionally declared that Ohio must respect the marriages of same-sex couples who married out of state. That ruling has been stayed pending a decision from the Attorney General on whether the state will appeal. 

HISTORY:

In 2004, anti-gay forces in Ohio pushed through State Issue 1, a constitutional amendment that excludes same-sex couples from marriage - and bars them from attaining any other form of family status in the state.

Some cities in Ohio - including Cleveland, Toledo, Columbus, Dayton and Cincinnati - offer domestic partnership registries for same-sex couples, which provide some of the protections that the freedom to marry affords.

GROUPS ACTIVELY WORKING ON MARRIAGE:

  • Why Marriage Matters Ohio is a grassroots public education campaign to build support for the freedom to marry in Ohio.
  • Equality Ohio is a statewide organization that envisions an Ohio where everyone feels at home, living in families and communities where equality, diversity and inclusiveness are universally valued, and where government protects all people and responds to their needs, regardless of sexual orientation and gender identity or expression.
  • The ACLU of Ohio is the state affiliate of the American Civil Liberties Union, committed to standing up for equality for all Ohioans.
  • Freedom to Marry is the campaign to win marriage for same-sex couples nationwide.

POLLING DATA:

A growing majority of Ohio residents support marriage for same-sex couples. A September 2012 poll shows that 52 percent of voters now think marriage should be legal, as opposed to 37 percent who say it should be illegal. In 2004, nearly two-thirds of Ohio voters - 62 percent - supported a constitutional amendment defining marriage as "only a union between one man and one woman." (Washington Post, September 2012

NUMBER OF SAME-SEX COUPLES:

According to The Williams Institute's analysis of the 2010 U.S. Census, 19,684 same-sex couples are living in Ohio, representing 4.3 same-sex couples per 1,000 households.

Blog Posts Related to Ohio

WATCH: Ohio couple together more than 50 years shares their story in new TV ad

Today, Why Marriage Matters Ohio, the statewide coalition working to amplify the voices of people from across the Buckeye State who support the freedom to marry, released a new television ad running state-wide about the importance of marriage for all in Ohio.

Wave of appellate arguments continues in August at 6th Circuit and 7th Circuit

Next month, same-sex couples in six different states will get their day in court at the federal appellate level when the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the 6th Circuit and the 7th Circuit hold oral arguments in a wide range of legal cases seeking the freedom to marry or respect for marriages between same-sex couples legally performed in other states.

AUGUST 6: 6th Circuit Appeals Court will hear oral arguments in 5 marriage cases

This week, the United States Court of Appeals for the 6th Circuit scheduled a date for oral arguments in the appeals of five cases where judges have ruled in favor of the freedom to marry.

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Resources Related to Ohio

Pew Poll Finds Growing Support for Freedom to Marry Among Evangelicals, Majority Support Among Youth

A comprehensive Pew poll found majority support for the freedom to marry among young people, college graduates and Catholics, with growing support among all other religious categories.

Ohio Census Snapshot

Demographic and economic information about same-sex couples and same-sex couples raising children in Ohio.

Geographic Trends Among Same-Sex Couples in the U.S. Census and the American Community Survey

Groundbreaking research showing a huge increase in same-sex couples identifying themselves as "unmarried partners".

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