Anti-relationship recognition constitutional amendment; a federal judge has ruled that the amendment is unconstitutional, and the decision is now on appeal to the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals, with the ruling stayed.


On February 13, 2014, U.S. District Court Judge Arenda L. Wright Allen ruled in favor of the plaintiffs in a federal lawsuit on behalf of same-sex couples seeking the freedom to marry and respect for their marriages legally performed in other states. 

The ruling was in Bostic v. Rainey, filed on behalf of two same-sex couples by private lawyers and later joined by the American Foundation for Equal Rights. A separate case filed by Lambda Legal, the ACLU, and the ACLU of Virginia - Harris v. Rainey - has been certified as a class-action lawsuit seeking the freedom to marry for same-sex couples. Read more about marriage litigation in Virginia.

As the case makes its way up through the courts, Virginians across the state will continue to do the work of having conversations about why marriage matters and creating a climate for victory.


In 2006, anti-gay forces in Virginia pushed through the Marshall-Newman Amendment, a constitutional amendment that excludes same-sex couples from marriage and prohibits same-sex couples from attaining any other form of legal family status. 

Several legal groups filed lawsuits against the state of Virginia in 2013, seeking the freedom to marry or respect for their marriages legally performed in other states. In January 2014, Virginia Attorney General Mark Herring announced that he would not defend the state's anti-marriage laws, and that he believed the laws to be unconstitutional. 


  • Equality Virginia is Virginia's central statewide lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender civil rights and advocacy organization.
  • Lambda Legal is a national organization committed to achieving full recognition of the civil rights of lesbians, gay men, bisexuals, transgender people, and those with HIV through impact litigation, education and public policy work.
  • American Civil Liberties Union is a non-partisan, non-profit organization dedicated to protecting the liberties guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution, the state Constitution, and state and federal human rights laws.
  • The American Foundation for Equal Rights is a national legal organization working toward marriage for same-sex couples nationwide. 
  • Freedom to Marry is the campaign to win marriage for same-sex couples nationwide.


Support for marriage in Virginia has increased in the past six years. Now, 56% of Virginians say they support marriage for same-sex couples, including 75% of Democrats and 56% of Independent voters. (The Washington Post, May 2013


According to The Williams Institute's analysis of the 2010 U.S. Census, 14,243 same-sex couples are living in Virginia, representing 4.7 same-sex couples per 1,000 households.

Blog Posts Related to Virginia

Litigation Round-Up: Where marriage cases stand in the federal appellate courts

After today's great victory in Ohio, it's a good time to check in on the state of marriage litigation across the country. In nine states, marriage litigation is currently pending at the federal appellate level in five different Circuit Courts.

Litigation Round-Up: Where the freedom to marry stands in the appeals courts

After last Friday's amazing victory in Michigan - which resulted in several hours of the freedom to marry in some Michigan counties on Saturday - it's a good time to check in on the state of marriage litigation across the country.

Federal judge rules Virginia marriage ban unconstitutional; stays ruling pending appeal

Tonight, February 13, same-sex couples in Virginia got an early Valentine's Day present when a federal judge ruled that the ban on same-sex couples from marrying in Virginia is unconstitutional. The judge stayed the ruling pending an appeal.

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Resources Related to Virginia

Party Principles: Support for the Freedom to Marry by State and National Political Parties

A listing of both state and national political parties that have made strong statements in support of the freedom to marry.

Virginia Census Snapshot

Demographic and economic information about same-sex couples and same-sex couples raising children in Virginia.

Geographic Trends Among Same-Sex Couples in the U.S. Census and the American Community Survey

Groundbreaking research showing a huge increase in same-sex couples identifying themselves as "unmarried partners".

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